Wednesday, April 4, 2018

Black glacier



Black glacier
 
Arriving in ICELAND, I put the question to my friends lam, Ingibjor (Inga) and Arni G. Eliasdorttir Sigurdsson, around the Eyjafjallajokull volcano is more active on the east side.

"Will Katla erupts?"

 I do not want to know the origin. Katla is great. When he broke out, the ice melted, the size of the Amazon River flood vent-called bad jokulhlaup or explosion glacier-pass land to the sea coast. Ready to eliminate anything in this area, including some of Ring Road around Iceland.

 Inga shrugged. "As far as I've nearly erupted Katla." We sat together at the last supper at the cottage owned by Inga and Arni in Grimsnes, about an hour from Reykjavik In 2008, they never saw the earthquake triggered landslides.

Katla non active every 70 years, at least 50 years. Three times Eyjafjalljokull first erupted, Katla followed about a year or two years later.

We met Inga, inspector general cleanliness, and Arni, retired airline captain, 16 years ago while vacationing in the Caribbean. Since then, we exchange visits with these couples. For them, living near a volcano that erupts every few years has become a part of life. "The pilots are trained to fly in the mountains." Arni said. "Usually it is best to fly under the cloud of ash, because of the volcano spewed ash so high."

In 2010, the eruption resulted in the crater summit Eyjafjalljokull eastern chap, and create two new mountain. Inga climbing photo exhibit at the end of May two years ago after the eruption. "This is a new mountain," he said with pride: We are "Creating the" mountains in Iceland. In the northern slopes of the volcano, the lava flowed down the shallow layers of the glacier, breaking down the ice, creating ice cliffs that make Omar insisted invited me to fly around it. 

We drove to east Eyjafjalljokull use 4WD pick-up truck belonging Arni glowing red. Tip of the iceberg crowned morning fog - black, not white. "As there is nothing wrong in the sky," said Sally. Ash 60 to 90 centimeters thick glacier covering the volcano.

We stopped at a shopping center and rushed encounter Thorey, wife of pilot friend Arni. Ash from eruptions and floods, he said, stopping way back to Reykjavik as she and her husband for a weekend in South Beach. To get home, they have to drive direction along the road for two days. He pointed to a dog in his car, which was named after the volcano. "His name Eyjafjallaskotthildur."

"You call him by that name?" I asked.

"See the tail? White at the tip and the rest black - same as ash-covered glacier white, "said Thorey. He looked at the dog lovingly saying, "We call him Skotta supa shorter."

Whew.

Now, near Hvolsvollur, Arni drove us to meet Omar, who was waiting in the lobby of a hotel, wearing a jacket and tie. I could not resist the invitation to fly, and we also headed airfield where there are battered his Cessna. Sally gave a kiss that made ​​me not sure I can "back safe." Omar and I was wearing a seatbelt and take off. Within minutes we were flying over the river and through the valley of land shaded by trees immediately to the top of Eyjafjalljokul’s glacier . Looks like a fallen soufflĂ© and burned the top.

"That cliff," exclaimed Omar against the roar of the engine. Looks ice tower black white and gray. The pilot flew low across the mist-exciting-but-not comforting. "I think I can fly down there," Omar cried. Oh, my goodness.

In turn and drift back to the top, then fall sharply. We flew zig-zag under a layer of mist, cliffs, walls of ice barely clinging wing. He reduced speed, flying a plane with one hand while photographing them. Either the pilot or pilots fail reliable. Flight time is bad.

The cliff was "something that might not be seen again by man, especially if global warming melt the glaciers," Omar said at all after we landed (while I was still out of breath). For him, the change was remarkable geological Iceland. Miscellaneous faults, cracks, depression, volcanic vents, as tectonic plates separating mainland Europe and North America. Two major fissure zone in southern Iceland drain the hot water and forms a new volcanic mountains.

Zone of the western part of the sea swell, making Rekyjanes Peninsula, then turned to Reykjavik, where there Thingvellir. In this valley MPs in the heyday of Viking outdoor meeting space, precisely at the edge of a fracture; Geysir, the shower's hot.

Saturday, March 3, 2018

Life at the Top of the caldera

Share author traveled Vulkan in Iceland Glacier yagn hooks to Black, heated controversy, and learning coexist with Lava.

Text
by Jonathan B Tourtellot (is National Geographic Fellow), executive summary by darmansjah

"I was able to fly you to vulkan!" Cried the enthusiastic pilot. "This is a rare opportunity! We'll fly low zig-zag between the ice cliff. "He moves his hands like a wriggling snake, adding:" Flying lower the better. Flying high could hit the cliff. "Then he told me about the wonders of lava, the greatness of nature, carelessness government-things I do not know. Vulkan or mountain berapai it, Eyjafjallajokull, erupted two years ago. Blankets ashes crippling road and air traffic in Europe for days-the worst disaster after World War II (called, "that vol-CANE-oh in ICE-land").

The pilot was the Icelandic versatile, Omar Ragnarsson, 70, radio entertainers, filmmakers, newscasters, journalists, comedians, politicians, and environmental activists. In the summer, he wrote a blog about the dangers that threaten the countryside in Iceland. He wrote what he saw from the cockpit of his Cessna 172 for the 35-year-old opener people about Eyjafjallajokull (read: Ehya-fyettala-yuh-kuttle).

I'm doubtful. It seems not a good idea surrender my life to the aging pilot who likes to fly this plane passed. Especially my wife, Sally, had intended traveled vulcan in Iceland (this trip with his wife for the third time, and I personally the sixth time). We never get tired of enjoying the diversity as well as natural and cultural uniqueness of the country inhabited around 309 000 inhabitants. While Virginia hit by a humid summer, we have reason to fly to Iceland to experience the cold dry, volcanic eruptions as well.


Iceland topped the Mid-Atlantic ridge, belt mountains and valleys where the eruptive fissure periodic basis to expand the Atlantic Ocean. We want to experience living in settlements frenzy, down the active volcano area of the south coast after the Westman Islands, wading interior Arctic, to the city of Husavik on the northeast coast. Just what we worry about: Will the recent eruption attract crowds of tourists?


Friday, February 2, 2018

Compulsion TOP JAPAN

Everyone wants to religious visit to the peak, including Yoko Ono, by Adiseno, executive summary by darmansjah.

The Japanese were seen Fuji as intimate Ohyama. But the mountains of Fuji-san is not familiar with the meaning behind the name of a person. Fuji-san itself means is Mount Fuji. Familiarity in Fuji-san rooted in culture.

The mountain is sacred, a place of pilgrimage, where every nation's children have visited. Struggled to climb. A tour of Fuji-san, who has dropped down from 500 years ago, Akira Yoneyama explained that
Yoko Ono led her to climb Fuji. John Lennon's wife is not proud Yoneyama-san. He was more than happy to tell his experiences led women aged 95 years to climb Fuji-san. "I had to walk backwards while going down to block the wind," he said proudly.

Ohyama stayed home Fujisanroku shaped dome, large windows facing towards Fuji-san. from his home to get to Kawaguchiko 5th Station is not far away.

The route from the other three routes within easy reach of the five lakes, popular location shooting Fuji-san. Station 5 is the location can still be reached by vehicle. Fujinomiya closest to the actual summit fuji-san. Known, the peak and the highest circle where there are weather research station, located in the southern part. While the lowest fifth station, which means that the most distant way in Gotemba. The fifth station on the fourth line is Subashiri.

I climb through the Yoshida route. Leaving one in the morning, even in the snow already blanketed the peaks, but the air is not too cold. In October, climbing season ends, because the winter started to go.
This mountain was first climbed Buddhist priest, En-no-Shokaku, in the 7th century. There are more than 13,000 temples in the vicinity. While all Japanese like a pilgrimage to it, only one percent of the estimated work.

Accidents fall and push each other like dominoes blades and never repeated. But during the winter ahead, slip hazard on steep slopes and sliding freely hundreds of meters can be fatal.

And climb Fuji-san means walking path width. In the rugged highlands lodge building between food and lodging available steps. After the long slope, and nearly four hours passed, blew the light began to wander. Final ascent visible, targeted Torii Gate. The closer, looks full of coins wooden pole. Inserted as a prayer and gratitude.